How to Place Openings in Walls (Video)


Before you insert an Openings
How to Place Opening
General Tab
General Opening Properties tab
Header tab
Support Tab
Tolerances tab
Packing Tab
Structural general Tab
Opening Editor Right hand side
How to change text opening parameters (Video)


Opening Definition

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The function of this document is to provide information on how to Place an Openings in hsbcad.

You can insert Openings, Doors and Windows in hsb. When you add openings in hsbcad, you have the option to select an
ACA style to use for the Window/Door to give the doors some style. This is only an option if you are using hsbcad with Architectural
Desktop and you have defined an opening style.

ACA style:aecstylemanager\in your Template file create a new door and window style in the Style Manger \ architectural objects.

When inserting openings it is important that the opening goes on the correct group, as you could accidentally put a ground floor window on a first floor wall. 


Before you insert an Openings

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Before you start placing an opening in a wall, make sure that the correct Floor Group () is current for the opening you are inserting.
And you need to draw a wall before inserting an opening. Extra information on how to change the colour or text size can be found in Chapter
‘’How to change text opening parameters’’ 




How to Place Opening

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Run the command ‘hsbWall\Position Opening or select the following icon on the toolbar.



The Opening Editor Dialog box will appear, here you fill in the information to define the opening.
On the right hand side of the dialog box you will see the graphic representation of the opening(s) you are inserting, this will change when you insert values on the left hand side of this dialog box.



Properties by Category - Properties by category means that the properties are grouped by category in the same order as they are in the ACA’s OPM (Object properties Manager) Properties by location - When you select a point on the openings graphical representation (right hand side of this dialog box) you will see the properties that correspond to the location you have clicked on.

The properties are grouped into five locations around an opening: the header (top), the sill (bottom), left, right and centre.
  • Select any point around the opening and you will get the opening values you have entered.   

In case all tabs are collapsed you can right click on a tab and Expand all tabs.



  • Select the option Properties by Category. 

General Tab

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Catalog usage
Input Type
Description
Plugins (TSL)
Add or remove current values to the catalog Chapter  

Catalog usage

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  • Select one of the 5 options. 


Instance based - You can start a new opening from scratch.

Catalog based - You can select any previously saved doors/openings/windows (stored in the Catalog).It will not read the ‘General opening properties’ values but it will read all the rest of the values. You can edit the ‘General opening properties’.

Catalog with geometry - You can select any previously saved doors/openings/windows (stored in the Catalog). You CAN’T change any values.

Initialize - You can select a predefined opening (stored in the Catalog); It will not read the ‘General opening properties’ values but it will read all
the rest of the values. You can still change all the values.

Initialize with geometry - You can select a predefined opening (stored in the Catalog), but still change all the values.

Input Type

a href="#General Tab" title="Link: #General Tab">(Back to General Tab)  

Here you have 3 options to select from.



Parameter - Select if you want to enter the parameters of the openings. This is de default setting.



hsb Details - Select if you want to input hsb Details, like library details (Overrides), more information in the next Chapter.

When using the hsb Details, the Library details tab will appear. (Very bottom of this dialog box)

This is an override where you can use a detail from another opening
detail defined in the hsbDetails. Enter the name of the opening detail and the opening will automatically use this detail as defined for the particular
wall for the timbers at the Top, Bottom, left, right of an opening. You can only enter this override in conjunction with the Detail value above.



WHERE TO FIND THE NAMES TO ENTER IN THE ABOVE
hsbWALL\hsbWALL Detail\Open Wall detail interface\select an Opening type, in this case we have made 2 opening types:
CLS and Pinch_Batten. 



DDT Details - Select if you want to input DDT Details, like shim details. 



When using the DDT Details, the Library details tab will appear with the extra functions (shim details).
These fields are for information only, they display the shim details that are being used for a specific style that have been applied.



div id="Description">

Description

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This is the text that will appear in the opening in model space (e.g. D-920x2100)





Plugins (TSL)

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You can attach a TSL to the opening.



  • Select the triple dots and the Opening Plugins dialog box will appear. 
You can select a predefined TSL in the Catalog or add a new entry, by selecting the Add button.

The ‘Define plugin to be inserted’ dialog box will open, select the triple dots and select the TSL you desire to insert in the opening.  


Add or remove current values to the catalog Chapter

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Once you have filled in all the information about an Opening/Door or window you can save this into
a Catalog and load them on another occasion.

Or you can Remove an existing entry.



  • Select the Add or remove current values to the catalog button. 


The ‘General’ tab will change.
Enter a Catalog Name and entered the Number of floors to carry.
  • Select the Add/Replace button
To remove an Entry select the Remove button.

Number of Floors to carry: This is a value used by rules to use different opening framing data based on where the opening’s host element
is located in the model. For example, if the building has 4 levels and the opening is in a wall element on the 2nd floor, the framing style
selected will be the one with 2 floors to carry.

Note: It is always assumed that a roof is also carried, so this property refers to floor diaphragms located vertically higher than the wall with the opening.

Important: When you Remove an Opening that has an amount of floors attached, you need to Remove the same amount of times out of the catalog.

Maybe an example of this: If you have added a style “Door 920” with number of floors above 1,2,3.
  • A user in order to delete these entries must select the style name “Door 920” then select Number of floors to carry 1 and then press delete. This step must be repeated selecting number of floors above 2 and 3. 



General Opening Properties tab

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In this tab you enter the information that defines the geometry of the opening.

Width
Height
Opening Type
Opening Style
Measure to
Standard sizes
Rise (D)  

Width

(Back to General Opening Properties tab)

Specify on screen – Select if you want to specify the opening width on your screen.
Specify opening width value - Select if you want to specify a fixed value.
Specify opening rough width value – If you have an Architectural Desktop opening style already defined (see Style manager dialog box on the next page), and the ‘Measure to’ is set to ‘Inside of Frame’ this will show the dimension of the opening + ADT frame width, in this case the frame width is 30.

Height

(Back to General Opening Properties tab)

Height Bottom (A) – Enter the height from current groups floor height to the bottom of the opening. When you scroll over the text a picture will appear.

Height Top (B) - Enter the height from current groups floor height to the top of the opening. When you scroll over the text a picture will appear.



Opening Height (C = B-A) – Enter the height from the bottom of the opening to the top of the opening.
When you scroll over the text a picture will appear.





Style manager dialog box (Example of an ADT window style)

Opening Type

(Back to General Opening Properties tab)

Select an hsbOpening type from here. (Opening-Window-Door).

Opening Style

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If you have an Architectural Desktop opening type already defined, then you
can select that style from here and you will see the opening style in model space.



NOTE: When you select ‘’Opening’’ in the Opening type you will not get the option Opening style but ‘’Shape’’ will appear.



Measure to

(Back to General Opening Properties tab)

Select if the measurements are from Outside of frame or Inside of frame.

Standard sizes

(Back to General Opening Properties tab)

Standard sizes ensure consistency by allowing designers to select sizes from a predefined list specific to the window style.
You can also enter custom sizes when you add or modify individual windows.  


Rise (D)

(Back to General Opening Properties tab)

Enter the height of the Radius. This works only with Openings and Windows in combination with Trapezoid/Peak Pentagon (Shape).



Header tab

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In this tab you enter the information that defines the header.

Header Height (A)
Shift Header into top plate
Header location
Beam over opening
Header Description  

Header Height (A)

(Back to Header tab)

Enter the height of the header that you require. This will give you a block of timber to suit the width of the studs used in conjunction with the header height that you enter.

Important: When using this function without using the header description, the header description should not be filled in (it has to be blank)
otherwise the header height is not applied.


Shift Header into top plate

(Back to Header tab)

Enter a Value (mostly the thickness of the 2nd top beam). This will shift the header beam into the 2nd top plate.

Important: You need to Mark Header location ‘’Below Plate’’ for this function to work.





Header location

(Back to Header tab)

This has 2 options:



Above Opening – Select this if you want the header placed directly above the opening.
Below Plate – Select this if you want the header placed directly below the top plate.

Beam over opening

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Enter a value and an extra packer will be added above the opening. 




Header Description

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This has two methods of use:

  1. If you have entered a value in the ‘’Header Height (A)’’, then you can enter a description of the header, which will appear in the manufacturing drawings. 
  2. Or you can enter an hsbDetail code (e.g. AB3). This will then create the header as detailed in the hsbDetails for the wall type in question. Select the pull down button and the Detail code dialog box will open, select one of the codes names in the list and the name will appear in the button. This will then create the header as detailed in the hsbDetails for the wall type in question. Important: When NOT IN USE please make sure it is Blank (otherwise the header height is not applied).



Support Tab

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In this tab you enter the information that defines the supporting and non supporting beams.

Width Of supporting beam Left
Width Of supporting beam Right
Width Of non-Supp beam Left
Width Of Non-Supp Beams Right
Number Of Supporting Beams Left (D1)
Number Of non-Supporting Beams Left (E1)
Number Of Supporting Beams Right (D2)
Number Of Non-Supporting Beams Right (E2)
Extra Side Beam At Top (B)
Extra Side Beam At Bottom (C) 
 

Width Of supporting beam Left

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  • Enter the Width of the Supporting studs at the left of the opening here. Leave Blank if these are the same as the beams which are specified in the walls details. 

Width Of supporting beam Right

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  • Enter the Width of the Supporting/Non-Supporting studs at the right of the opening here. Leave Blank if these are the same as the beams which are specified in the walls details. 

Width Of non-Supp beam Left

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  • Enter the Width of the Non-Supporting studs at the left of the opening here. Leave Blank if these are the same as the beams which are specified in the walls details 

Width Of Non-Supp Beams Right

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  • Enter the Width of the Non-Supporting studs at the right of the opening here. Leave Blank if these are the same as the beams which are specified in the walls details
  

Number Of Supporting Beams Left (D1)

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  • Enter the amount of Cripples/Trimmer Studs that you require at the left of the opening. 

Number Of Non-Supporting Beams Left (E1)

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  • Enter the amount of King Studs that you require at the left of the opening. 

Number Of Supporting Beams Right (D2)

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  • Enter the amount of Cripples/Trimmer Studs that you require at the right of the opening. 

Number Of Non-Supporting Beams Right (E2)

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  • Enter the amount of King Studs that you require at the right of the opening.   

Extra Side Beam At Top (B)

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  • Select and enter the width for the stud to be used, this will put an extra stud over an opening at the side of the supporting studs. (If you leave it blank it will automatically take the beam size of the studs). 

Extra Side Beam At Bottom (C)

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  • Select and enter the width for the stud to be used. This will put an extra stud under an opening at the side of the supporting studs. (If you leave it blank it will automatically take the beam size of the studs). 


Tolerances tab

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In this tab you enter the information that defines the Tolerances of the opening.




Packing Tab

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In this tab you enter the information that defines the packers.

Packing Max Height
Packer Thickness Over Header
Packer Thickness Under Header
Packing description  


Packing Max Height

(Back to Packing Tab)

Here you can enter the maximum height between the header and the opening so it can be packed with packers (e.g.306mm).

Packer Thickness Over Header

(Back to Packing Tab)
  • Enter the height of the packer that is placed over the header, it is placed between the Non Supporting Studs. Minimum 5mm. 

Packer Thickness Under Header

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  • Enter the height of the packer that is placed under the header, it is placed between the Non Supporting Studs. Minimum 5mm. 

Packing description

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  • Text Filled in which is a description of the packing can be determined.

  


Structural general Tab

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In this tab you enter the information that defines the extra packers, sheeting.

Extra packer Under Header (L)
Sheeting
Cut bottom beam
Extra Packer Under Sill Jacks (K)  


Extra packer Under Header (L)

(Back to Structural general Tab)

  • Enter the height of the timber used as a packer directly beneath the header if using the header below plate option. This packer sits between the Supporting Studs. 

Sheeting

(Back to Structural general Tab)

  • Enter the code of the sheeting detail. Call upon predefined sheeting details - See 003-hsbWALL Details and define\ Opening around sheeting for more information. 
This code needs to be Alphabetical and not numeric.

Important: When NOT IN USE please make sure it is Blank, otherwise it will not generate.

WHERE TO FIND THE CODE TO ENTER IN THE ABOVE
hsbWALL\hsbWALL Detail\ Opening around sheeting, in this case we have called it A.


Cut bottom beam

(Back to Structural general Tab)

  • Enter the code you have given the bottom beam. If you specify a balk code for a bottom plate in the hsbDetails, you can then enter the balk code here and the timber will be cut out underneath the opening. 
Attention: The code can have but one letter. OR use *



WHERE TO FIND THE CODE TO ENTER IN THE ABOVE




hsbWALL\hsbWALL Detail\Open Wall detail interface\select an
Opening type, give the bottom, in this case we have called it x.

Extra Packer Under Sill Jacks (K)

(Back to Structural general Tab)
  • Enter the height of the timber used as a packer under openings, sitting on the bottom plate between the Supporting Studs. 



Opening Editor Right hand side

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You can scroll in the graphical representation on the right hand side of this dialog box.

Select opening
Enable Rotation
Display openings only
Reset Camera
Sheets visible
Beams visible
Preset Views
Explode
Visible zones
Render mode
Line thickness  

Select opening

(Back to Opening Editor Right hand side)

Here you can see how many openings you have in your hsbWALL.
The properties on the left hand size change depending on the opening that is selected.


Enable Rotation

(Back to Opening Editor Right hand side)
  • Select and it will prevent you from rotating the image (graphical representation). 

Display openings only

(Back to Opening Editor Right hand side)

This will show you the opening beams only.


Reset Camera

(Back to Opening Editor Right hand side)

Sets the view in it’s original state.

Sheets visible

(Back to Opening Editor Right hand side)

Allows you to view the sheets.



Beams visible

(Back to Opening Editor Right hand side)

Allows you to see the beams in the hsbWall.

Preset Views

(Back to Opening Editor Right hand side)

You can select predefined standard orthographic and isometric views.

Explode

(Back to Opening Editor Right hand side)

This explodes the sheeting (sets the sheeting separate from each other)

Visible zones

(Back to Opening Editor Right hand side)

You can deselect the sheeting zones.


Render mode

(Back to Opening Editor Right hand side)

You can select between Solid/Edge/Outline.


Line thickness

(Back to Opening Editor Right hand side)

Sets the thickness of the lines around the beams.  


How to change text opening parameters

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*

The text you see when drawing an opening is controlled by the ACA Dimstyle.


The text size can be changed in the hsbGeneral\hsbSettings\Wall stick frame module tab




The text colour can be changed in the Edit object Display.

  • Select the opening text, right click and select Edit object Display
  • select the hsbcad Input displayRep and then the 
  • Edit display properties button in the right top hand corner, here you can change the colour of the Text 




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